Estrogen is classified as a major female hormone (Female Hormone Balance Learn More) that is responsible for primary and secondary sexual characteristics (Female Sexual Stimulants Learn More) in women. Estrogen deficiency is characterized by low levels of active hormone in the serum and alterations in the normal sexual and physical functioning of the body.
It has been observed that the secretion and serum levels of estrogen declines with advancing age and reduces to significantly low levels as the menopause approaches (by the age of 55 years at an average). However, some women may experience early menopausal changes i.e. reduction in the serum levels before the age of 40 that may or may not be symptomatic.
Causes of Estrogen Deficiency
Estrogen deficiency is a serious issue and should be addressed to maintain optimal functioning of the body. Some notable causes of estrogen deficiency are
- Excessive physical activity
- Low adipose tissue stores
- Genetic disorder
- Decreased levels of Aromatase enzyme
Primary Symptoms of Estrogen Deficiency
- Loss of memory or early onset of Alzheimer’s disease