Venereal Diseases (VD)
Venereal Diseases (also known as sexually transmitted diseases/infections) are often acquired by unprotected sexual encounter (Safe Sex Learn More) with an infected partner. The pathogen (usually bacterial or viral) are transmitted by semen, blood, vaginal or other bodily secretions. Some of these infections are also transmitted by non-sexual means such as:
- Vertical contact (i.e. non-sexual transmission of pathogens from mother to baby during pregnancy or while passage through infected birth-canal
- Exchange of infected needles (during intravenous drug abuse or accidental needle-prick injuries that are common in hospital settings)
- Transfusion of infected blood products
Many Venereal Diseases are asymptomatic (Asymptomatic Wiki Page) (at least in the early course of illness) and thus remains concealed for a long period of time.
Primary Symptoms of Venereal Diseases (VD)
The appearance, severity and characteristics of individual Venereal Diseases may vary depending upon the infecting pathogen. However, for most part, following sign and symptoms are usually common to most sexually transmitted infections (HIV Prevention Learn More):
- Vaginal bleeding (post-coital bleeding, inter-menstrual bleeding etc.)
- Vaginal discharge
- Discharge from penis
- Burning and painful urination
- Bumps or sores (Penile Bumps | What Are Penile Bumps?) in the rectal or on the genitals
- Bodily rash that may be localized ( feet and hands) or may be generalized involving the entire body
- Swollen, sore lymph nodes especially in groin area but generalized involvement of lymph nodes all over the body (in advanced cases)
- Non-specific symptoms like runny nose, fever, fatigue etc.
Based on the causative organism, the symptoms may appear within a few weeks and may last for some days up to a few years. In some cases, symptoms may resolve spontaneously within a few weeks, yet in most cases antibiotic therapy is needed to address the illness.