October 3rd, 2016
Human body is made up of billion and trillions of tiny units, known as cells. These cells form tissues, organs and systems. It is imperative to mention that besides human cells, there are a number of other cells or microorganisms on our body; also known as normal flora. This include bacteria, fungi and other commensals. Interestingly, some of these microbial agents are beneficial for the body and help in maintaining a healthy existence; while others act as opportunistic pathogens i.e. wait for an opportunity to strike and cause damage to our body.
One such class of microbial agents is fungi.
A weak immune system is mainly responsible for aggravating the risk of fungal/ yeast infections. Following are the possible causes:
It is a type of candida yeast infection which occurs when male thrush gets worse. Men who recently had bacterial infection or are diabetic, are at higher risk of developing balanoposthitis. Affected person experiences burning sensation, itching and inflammation of penis and foreskin. Pituitary gland disorders, weak immunity and obesity can accelerate the spread of infection. It is a highly transmittable infection and if not treated can lead to development of other complicated conditions such as, persistent phimosis and erysipelatous inflammation.
It is characterized by rashes and itching on genitals along with white cottage cheese like covering on the penis. Urogenital candidiasis makes urination and ejaculation painful. It is treated with oral and topical anti-fungal agents. There are always chances of reoccurrence therefore, proper and complete treatment is a must. Besides genitals, candida can also affect anus, armpits and area between the fingers.
It is also a type of fungal infection that is characterized by itchy and scaly pubis. From pubic area it can spread to affect inner thighs and anus. It is more common in summer season when temperature is hot and humid.
Usually a cotton tampon is used to take a sample from the penis. A blood test can also be done. Usually if there is reoccurrence of thrush then diagnosis is quite clear. Complaints of severe and constant symptoms can make the diagnostic process easier.
Despite being healthy, you can develop fungal infections! Though, chances are low, but if you are experiencing any symptoms, you can use anti-fungal creams and ointments that are available over the counter. If you follow exact instructions and complete entire duration of treatment, chances of thrush reoccurrence become quite low. However, even after properly using over the counter creams/ointments, you may experience the symptoms again, which suggests that over-the-counter treatment was not sufficient and you should seek help from a trained urologist who will provide you prescription medicines. Moreover, make sure your partner also seek help from a doctor as you can still get yeast infection if your partner has active vaginal fungal infection.
1. Johnsson, K. M., Ptaszynska, A., Schmitz, B., Sugg, J., Parikh, S. J., & List, J. F. (2013). Vulvovaginitis and balanitis in patients with diabetes treated with dapagliflozin. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, 27(5), 479-484.
2. Mändar, R. (2013). Microbiota of male genital tract: impact on the health of man and his partner. Pharmacological research, 69(1), 32-41.
3. Verma, S. B., & Vasani, R. (2016). Male genital dermatophytosis–clinical features and the effects of the misuse of topical steroids and steroid combinations–an alarming problem in India. Mycoses.
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