July 24th, 2017
Mumps is characterized by an infection caused by the mumps virus. The contagious (easily transmissible) infection usually occurs during spring and winter seasons. It is imperative to mention that younger children usually fall victim to mumps infection and in some cases, develops serious complications even with treatment. The effect of these complications become evident as the kid grows up. Contact with the nasal discharge or saliva of an affected person is usually the primary source of the spread of infection. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, he makes the people around him prone to getting the infection. The symptoms appear 12-25 days after contracting the infection. Since it is a contagious infection, the infected person can pass it on to the people around him for a period of up to three days prior to when symptoms appear. However, mumps is not as contagious as chickenpox or measles.
The severity of illness varies from person to person. The classic symptoms are:
This type of infection does not always lead to serious complications, however rarely when it does, they can be life-threatening. Complications associated with mumps include:
A person, who contracts mumps for the first time, develops an immunity against it which decreases the likelihood of getting the infection again.
The vaccine available for this type of infection is often administered at a young age. There is a combination of vaccines available for mumps and measles. Vaccination against MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) is not necessary for every individual particularly when:
Following people should avoid getting vaccinated against MMR:
Majority of the people experience no side effects after being vaccinated against MMR. However very rarely, some people may experience an allergic reaction that may be quite serious. 10% of the vaccinated people also experience a mild fever that may last for up to 5-12 days after being vaccinated whereas 5% of the people develops a serious rash.
The best thing to do upon contracting the infection is self-care. Taking adequate rest can help alleviate the symptoms. Over the counter pain killers such ibuprofen and aspirin may as well be used for discomfort and fever.