August 12th, 2015
Women have two ovaries, of which one ovary is present on each side of the uterus in the pelvic region. The ovaries are responsible for producing eggs or ova. The female hormones namely estrogen and progesterone are also secreted by the ovaries. Different types of tumors can start in the ovaries. Some of these are benign or non-cancerous. The benign tumors do not spread anywhere beyond the ovaries. The benign tumors are treated by surgically taking out either one of the ovaries or the part of the ovary that has the tumor.
The other types of tumors that start in the ovaries are cancerous or malignant. Cancerous tumors have a tendency of spreading to the other body parts.
There are different types of ovarian cancers depending upon the type of cells from which they originate. The different types of ovarian cancers are listed below:
The high risk factors for developing ovarian cancer are listed below:
The factors that are linked to a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer are listed below:
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are difficult to interpret, especially during the initial stages as they are quite similar to the symptoms of other medical conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome and pre-menstrual syndrome.
The three most common symptoms exhibited by women suffering from ovarian cancer are:
Normally after ovarian cancer has been diagnosed, it is given a stage which describes its size and spread. The common stages used for classifying ovarian cancer are listed below:
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