December 1st, 2017
Monophasic birth control pill is a new form of hormonal contraception that involves use of equal doses of estrogen and progesterone in the formulation to be used during entire monthly cycle.
According to latest estimates reported by Center for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 82% females who rely on contraception to minimize the risk of unintended pregnancies use hormonal contraception in the form of pills. Over the course of past 50 years, hormonal contraception has evolved dramatically. In this article we will discuss how monophasic birth control helps in minimizing the chances of unintended conception.
Combined hormonal contraceptives contain both progesterone and estrogen and work in synchrony to prevent the pregnancy. Here is how hormonal birth control pill works:
In most traditional birth control pills, the quantity and ratio of estrogen and progesterone varies, but in monophasic birth control pills, the quantity and ratio of progesterone and estrogen is the same. It is highly effective in females who are sexually active. Other indications in which monophasic birth control pills are highly effective are;
There is also some evidence that use of hormonal contraceptive pills can also improve bone mineral density and reduce the risk of uterine and ovarian malignancies.
Multiphasic pills as the name indicates, refer to hormonal contraceptive pills that contain different concentrations of estrogen and progesterone in the monthly pack. The most common pharmacological variety is triphasic which contains at least 3 different doses of estrogen in the same monthly pack. Multiphasic pills reflect the different serum levels of hormone in the body during the course of monthly ovarian cycle.
Following side effects are usually noticed with monophasic pills:
Although these side effects are common, in most cases, these are trivial and resolves spontaneously. However, if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, speak to your doctor on emergent basis:
Although, monophasic pills are highly safe and effective, it is not a preferred option in the following cases:
Women who have a history of stroke, diabetes, hypertension, liver or kidney disease, and migraines should take extra caution while using hormonal contraceptives.
In conclusion, monophasic hormonal contraceptives are 91 to 99% effective at reducing the risk of an unintended pregnancy.
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