Infertility Evaluation Tests

Infertility Evaluation Tests Image
Infertility Evaluation Tests

Infertility Evaluation Tests

Often, if a couple has trouble conceiving, they may start to wonder if either has a fertility problem. More than 7 million Americans are infertile, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If you have been trying to conceive for over a year (or six months if the female is over 35) and are still not pregnant, you and your partner may want to get tested for infertility.

Fertility testing includes a physical exams and medical history of both partners. Past birth control use, sexual and pregnancy history, current sexual practices, medications, previous surgeries, health issues, lifestyle, and work/life environment are just some of the topics a doctor will want to discuss.

Test For Men And Women

Men will undergo a semen analysis to determine sperm count and sperm movement. Typically, a doctor will be able to tell you if you have a sperm problem but may not be able to tell you why. At-home semen analysis kits are available over
the counter. Infertility can be related to genetics or injury. After a semen analysis, a testicular biopsy maybe necessary.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) – Frequently Asked Questions imageThis procedure can identify abnormalities contributing to infertility and can retrieve sperm to use with assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF (in vitro fertilization).

For women, first a doctor will ensure that ovulation is occurring, common in women with irregular periods. If a woman is in fact ovulating, a doctor will perform an ultrasound to screen for abnormalities or blockages in the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.  Next, blood testing and an ultrasound can confirm a woman’s remaining egg supply.

Results Of The Test

Men and women can also undergo genetic testing if there is reason to believe that a genetic or chromosomal abnormality is the reason for infertility. In addition, tests can evaluate how sperm and eggs interact with each other. Sometimes, a woman’s immune system recognizes sperm as foreign and attacks it.

Men and women contribute equally to fertility issues. Some couples find success in “at-home” remedies such as abstaining from alcohol and tobacco, improving diet and weight, reducing stress, and having intercourse on peak fertility days during a woman’s ovulation cycle can naturally help a couple conceive.

Fertility treatments can be stressful and lead to many emotions, including anxiety, depression, anger, shame, or guilt. These emotions can further hinder a couple’s ability to conceive. Experts recommend group support, remaining supportive of your partner, and stress relief. There are many ways to have a child other than traditional conception including IVF treatments, surrogacy, and adoption.