August 31st, 2016
HPV is a notorious virus that is associated with an aggravated risk of developing different type of cancers such as, mouth and throat cancer, penile cancer, cancer of cervix, vagina, vulva and anus. According to latest statistics reported by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1), more than 38,793 HPV-related cancers were reported in the United States from 2008 to 2012. Investigators discovered that the risk of developing cancer is almost 1.5 times higher in women (23,000) compared to men (15,793). In addition:
HPV vaccines are believed to be extremely helpful in preventing the risk of acquiring or transmitting HPV infection. Concurrently, these vaccines can also minimize the risk of HPV-related complications such as deleterious effects on human fertility & risk of cancer in some susceptible immunocompromised individuals.
In 2006, FDA-Cleared the use of HPV vaccines only in young girls, over the age of 11 years. But according to latest recommendations released by Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it was suggested that HPV vaccine should be advised to both girls and boys. In the lieu of these recommendations, American Cancer Society has amended their HPV vaccination guidelines in accordance to CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). These amendments were made after obtaining strong supporting evidence and entails that:
The American cancer society methodologically evaluated the recommendations made by ACIP and the contents and evidences were thoroughly reviewed by ACS members.
The rate and compliance regarding HPV vaccination in males is fairly less when compared to females. Based on several studies, investigators proposed several reasons such as:
It is highly recommended to speak to your physician regarding the benefits of HPV vaccination and if you or other members of your family are a likely candidate for this vaccination. Besides, you can also reduce the risk of contracting HPV infection by maintaining caution while making decisions regarding your intimate relationships (such as avoiding chance sexual encounters, practicing protection or physical barrier methods or maintaining a monogamous sexual relationship).
2. Clarke, M., Phelan-Emrick, D. F., Coutinho, F., Chou, B., & Joshu, C. E. (2015). Factors associated with HPV vaccine initiation among males aged 11-26 years attending outpatient clinics in the Baltimore Metro Area during 2012-2013. Cancer Research, 75(15 Supplement), 5591-5591.
3. Stokley, S., Jeyarajah, J., Yankey, D., Cano, M., Gee, J., Roark, J., … & Markowitz, L. (2014). Human papillomavirus vaccination coverage among adolescents, 2007-2013, and postlicensure vaccine safety monitoring, 2006-2014–United States. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 63(29), 620-624.
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