August 3rd, 2015
Diarrhea is a medical condition characterized by the frequent passage of loose, watery stools which may or may not be associated with abdominal bloating and cramps. It is a common condition and an average person can expect to suffer from it once or twice in a year. it usually lasts for two to three days and responds well to over the counter medicines. However, occasionally, it may be severe enough to lead to dehydration and various other complications.
According to physicians, diarrhea can be broadly classified into three categories. They are:
There are several factors which may lead to diarrhea. They are:
If the diarrhea is because of some serious underlying cause, there may be blood or pus in the stools, high fever and weight loss.
In most of the cases, diarrhea resolves on its own in two to three days. If the sense of urgency is too much to bear, patients can take over the counter medicines. These include Imodium, pepto-bismuth and kaopectate. The response to these medicines is usually good.
However, sometimes when the diarrhea is not responding to the general medicines, stool examination is advised. Antibiotics may be required if the underlying cause is bacterial infection.
In case of presence of blood or pus in stools, special investigations are required and treatment is directed towards the underlying cause.
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