An abnormal leaking or fluid discharge from the penis can be a normal symptom or it can be an indication of urethritis. The most common cause of urethritis is sexually transmitted illnesses, which may present with other symptoms such as painful urination, itchiness around the genital region and penile irritation.The frequency and severity of penis discharge varies from person to person; it can happen all day long or occur only at the time of urination or while walking.
Color Of Penis Discharge
The fluid discharge from penis can be white, yellow or even red. The color, consistency and other physical characteristics of penile discharge indicates the source of possible disease or infection. It is highly recommended to see a doctor if you are experiencing penis discharge as it may be a sign of underlying serious ailment. For example:
- White discharge from penis can be an indication of gonorrhea, balanitis or chlamydial infection. Chlamydial infection if left untreated, may create fertility issues and gonorrhea can disseminate into joints and other organs leading to life threatening complications (2).
- Thick yellow or green colored discharge is also an indication of gonorrhea infection. Trichomoniasis can also lead to yellow or green colored penis discharge.
- Red colored discharge from penis can be due to urethritis prostatitis, urethral lesions and severe hypertension. A reddish discharge in men over 50 years of age should be thoroughly investigated as it can be a sign of prostate cancer (3).
Sexually Transmitted Infections And Penis Discharge
Besides color changes, infections are associated with a number of related symptoms which can be helpful in making the correct diagnosis. Chlamydial infection is one of the most frequently reported sexually transmitted infections, which is characterized by white clear or cloudy penis discharge, itching or burning around the penis and burning sensation while urinating. However, many men remains asymptomatic due to which they don’t even know that they have an active infection. Not so long ago, the diagnostic process for the detection of chlamydia was pretty painful (i.e. urethral swab testing,) but now your doctor can detect STIs via simple urine test.
Another STI, gonorrhea can also present with swelling of testicles, which may make urination painful along with penile discharge. Gonorrhea can disseminate into other organs such as, anus, mouth, eyes and throat. Trichomoniasis is more common in women but it may also affect men. Usually men remains asymptomatic, but a yellow or grayish – green colored penis discharge along with burning sensation in penis should be investigated for Trichomoniasis. On the other hand balanitis usually a result of unhygienic lifestyle and is more common in men who are not circumcised.
Are Natural Remedies Helpful In Managing Penis Discharge?
As mentioned above, penis discharge is usually a result of sexually transmitted infections which means that an antibiotic course is necessary to adequately treat these infections. However, few infections can be quickly fixed if natural remedies are followed along with the antibiotics. For example, aromatherapy using bergamot oil aids in drying the penile discharge due to trichomoniasis. On the other hand if you are taking doxycycline for treatment of chlamydia, adding vitamin C may help in reducing the discharge.
The best way to prevent abnormal penis discharge is to eliminate all the sources of sexually transmitted infection. Some helpful tips are:
- Maintaining monogamous relationship with an uninfected person.
- Make sure to use protection every time you have a chance sexual encounter (or random sexual intercourse), because no matter how much you wash your penis after sex or apply creams/ointments, the risk of STI remains high with unprotected sexual relationships.
- As compared to mature men, teenage boys are more careless about using protection, which is why prevalence of STIs is extremely high in this population.
- Many men don’t even like talking about their manhood problems but they must consult a doctor if they are experiencing penis discharge.
In conclusion, penis discharge is one of the common and most concerned male sexual health issue, which requires active management. Therefore, it is highly recommended to investigate every case of penile discharge with care and caution.
1. Greenspan, F. M. (2015). Symptomatic Knowledge on Sexually Transmitted Disease. J Pharma Care Health Sys, 2(127), 2376-0419.
2. May, L., Ware, C. E., Jordan, J. A., Zocchi, M., Zatorski, C., Ajabnoor, Y., & Pines, J. M. (2016). A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Treatment of Patients Tested for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea After a Rapid Polymerase Chain Reaction Test Versus Standard of Care Testing. Sexually transmitted diseases, 43(5), 290-295.
3. Gaydos, C. A., Barnes, M. R., Quinn, N., Jett-Goheen, M., & Hsieh, Y. H. (2013). Trichomonas vaginalis infection in men who submit self-collected penile swabs after internet recruitment. Sexually transmitted infections, sextrans-2012.