November 5th, 2014
Bladder is one of the essential components of a functional urinary system. It is located in the pelvic region in close proximity to organs like vagina, uterus, cervix and median umbilical ligament (in females). Human urinary bladder is a pouch like structure that serves two important functions in the body; which are:
It is imperative to understand that any abnormality in the formation or excretion of urine can greatly compromise the quality of life and overall health. It has been observed that bladder issues are more common around the extremes of age (very young children due to congenital malformations and elderly due to deleterious effects of physiological aging).
Some of the most significant bladder control problems include inability to store urine, problems in passing urine, incomplete voiding of the bladder, alteration in the frequency of urination (such as overactive bladder) etc. There is misconception that bladder control problems are normal in elderly population and requires only conservative management, which is wrong. It is highly advised to seek the help of a registered healthcare professional if you are experiencing bladder issues for prompt management.
According to a study published in the scientific journal Urology (1), investigators reported that the overall prevalence of urinary incontinence in females is 25 to 45%.
The regulation of the bladder activity involves both voluntary and involuntary regulation. This also indicates that your bladder require efficient feedback from both the central nervous system as well as the muscles of the urinary bladder (and skeletal muscles that forms the urinary sphincters). Any disconnect or malfunction in the activity of these two systems can lead to bladder control problems. Following are the primary causes of bladder control issues in females:
Following are risk factors that can initiate the problem of bladder control (3),
It is often fairly difficult to diagnose the bladder issues mainly because the symptoms of bladder dysfunction may overlap with the normal variations in the bladder activity. However, following signs and symptoms are often suggestive of an ongoing disease or pathology.
If you are experiencing these issues, it is strongly advised to see your doctor for prompt diagnosis and early management.
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